We construct stochastic overlapping-generations general equilibrium models in which households are subject to aggregate shocks that a ect both wages and asset prices. We use a calibrated version of the model to quantify how the welfare costs of severe recessions are distributed across di erent age groups. The model predicts that younger cohorts fare better than older cohorts when the equilibrium decline in asset prices is large relative to the decline in wages. Asset price declines hurt the old, who rely on asset sales to nance consumption, but bene t the young, who purchase assets at depressed prices. In our preferred calibration, asset prices decline more than twice as much as wages, consistently with the experience of the US economy in the Great Recession. A model recession is approximately welfare-neutral for households in the 20-29 age group, but translates into a large welfare loss of around 10 percent of lifetime consumption for households aged 70 and over.